San Francisco Task Force on Prostitution
Final Report 1996

Appendix D.: Exhibits
The following articles can be obtained as part of the Task Force on Prostitution Final Report by contacting the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, 401 Van Ness, San Francisco, CA 94102 or call: 415-554-5184. Task Force documents are also filed at the San Francisco Public Library.

I. Laws and Enforcement

A. Current Law and Policy: Reports

1. Condoms as Evidence in Prostitution Related Cases-Letter from Senator Milton Marks to District Attorney Arlo Smith, requesting that Smith cease the use of condoms as evidence (March 9, 1994); SF NOW re: revising current policy (March 31, 1994); Special Resolution passed by the San Francisco Task Force on Prostitution (May 10, 1994); "Condoms As Evidence of Prostitution," Legislation passed by the Board of Supervisors urging the District Attorney and the Police Commission to cease confiscating condoms and using them as court evidence for prostitution related offenses; Letter From District Attorney Arlo Smith to Director of Public Health, Dr. Sandra Hernandez agreeing to cease the use of condoms as evidence (September 6, 1994).

2. Legal Elements of Penal Code Section 647 (B); Penalties; Mandatory HIV Testing requirements.

3. The "New" Prostitution: New Cases Nationwide; criminal charges under general criminal law; HIV specific offenses; Increases in Grading and Sentencing; Quarantining; Testing cases; Civil penalties.

4. Municipal Codes- Reports regarding unconstitutionality and preemption of prostitution related municipal codes 215, 225 and 240; MIR report submitted by Gordon Park-Li containing statistical data on disposition and dismissal rate of municipal codes. (April 25, 1994 and July 6, 1994)

5. Massage Licenses- Report re: applications for and revocation of permits; massage parlor regulations, state laws effecting eligibility for licenses, individual and massage business licensing, municipal codes regulating massage businesses; Letter from Police Chief Ribera regarding police jurisdiction of massage parlor licensing.

6. Repeal of Mandatory Minimum Jail Sentences in Solicitation Cases, resolution to sponsor legislation to amend PC 647 adopted by the California Bar Association (1994).

7. Condoms: Not Admissible to Prove Prostitution-Related Crimes- resolution to sponsor legislation to amend the evidence code adopted by the California Bar Association (1994).

B. Arrest and Incarceration Statistics

8. San Francisco Police Department Arrest Reports, January to December 1994. On file with the Police Department. Adults and Juveniles Arrested by Race and Sex; Prostitution-Related Arrests in comparison with other Part II crimes. 1994.

9. Special Investigations Bureau, Vice Crimes Division, Monthly Report, December 1994.

10. Arrests From January - September 1991 and 1992, comparing Prostitution and other Part II crimes.

11. Arrest Statistics for the years 1991, 1992 and 1993; Division of Labor in Vice Crimes Unit; Training of police officers to deal with prostitution.

12. "Number of African American Inmate in SF JAIL Passes 1,000 Mark," Sheriff's Department Report and Statistics, July 1993.

C. Law Enforcement

13. Yvonne Dotson Vs. Yee , September 1995 prepared by Fania Davis, attorney for Yvonne Dotson, in accordance with settlement against San Francisco in which Federal Court Judge Marilyn Patel of the Ninth Circuit Court directed Dotson to submit recommendations for the Police Department that address police misconduct.

14. Police Response to Reports of Violence Against Prostitutes, a report from Maggie's Toronto Prostitutes' Community Service Project, September 25, 1992.

15. Report Presented to San Francisco Board of Supervisor's Hearing on Police Accountability, April 11, 1995

D. Decriminalization and Regulation

16. Resolution for Decriminalization of Prostitution Regarding Immigrant Issues, submitted by Asian AIDS Project.

17. Background Paper: The Regulation of Prostitution City of Toronto, Public Health Department April 24,1995.

18. "Australian Capital Territory Prostitution Act 1992" to regulate certain aspects of prostitution and "Brindal Bill" to decriminalise prostitution.

19. Registration, Mandatory Testing, and Health Certificates: The Record by Priscilla Alexander

II. Health, Safety and Services

1. "Needs Assessment For At Risk Populations," Report Prepared for Community Outreach Project For Female Identified Sex Industry Workers," November 1995.


A. Sexual Health/HIV and STD's

Cohen, Judith Black and Priscilla Alexander. "Female Sex Workers: Scapegoats in the AIDS Epidemic" O'Leary, Ann and Loretta Sweet Jemmott, Women and AIDS: The Emerging Epidemic., New York: Plenum Publishing Corp., 1995.

Cohen, Judith, Priscilla Alexander and Constance Woofsey, "Prostitutes and AIDS: Public Policy Issues, "AIDS and Public Policy Journal, Vol. 3. 1988, pages 16-22.

"Questions and Answers on PHS Guidelines for HIV Counseling and Voluntary Testing for Pregnant Women, " CDC and Prevention, HIV/AIDS Prevention, July 1995.

Alexander, Priscilla, "Sex Workers Fight Against AIDS: An International Perspective," Unpublished Paper 1994.

"Background Information on AB 2319, "COYOTE and National Task Force on Prostitution, Submitted to the Assembly Committee on Public Safety, 1988.

California Prostitutes Education Project-CAL PEP (Priscilla Alexander), "Prostitutes Prevent AIDS: A Manual for Health Educators," CAL PEP, 1988.

Lyons, Catherine RN, MS, MPH, ANP and Rita Fahrner RN, MS PNP, "HIV IN Women in the Sex Industry and/or Injection Drug Users," Clinical Issues In Prenatal and Women's Health Nursing, AIDS in Women, Vol. 1 Number 1. 1989.

"Sex Workers: Their Lives and Risks, "New Jersey Women AIDS Network, Vol. 3/No. 2-3, October 1993. p. 5.

Barnard, Marinia A., Neil P. McKeyaney, and Alastair H. Leyland, "Risk Behaviors among Male Clients of Female Prostitutes" British Medical Journal, August 7, 1993, pp. 361-362

Day, Sophia, Helen Ward, Louise Perrotta, "Male Partners of Female Prostitutes," British Medical Journal, Vol. 3077 August 1993, pp. 359-360.

B. Harm Reduction

Sorge, Rod, "Harm Reduction: A New Approach to Drug Services," Health/PAC Bulletin, Winter 1991, pp. 70-99.

Braine, Naiomi, "Women, Drugs and Harm Reduction" People With AIDS Coalition Newsline, 1993, pp. 16-21.

Bammer, Gabriele, "Report and Recommendations of Stage 2 Feasibility Research in the Controlled Availability of Opoids," National Center For Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian Institute of Criminology, June 1995.

"Costs of Drug Criminalization," Harm Reduction Coalition, San Francisco, 1991.

Woods, Imani P., HPOB, HNIC, "Harm Reduction and The Black Community," Harm Reduction Communication, Harm Reduction Coalition, San Francisco, Fall 1995, p. 10.

"What is Harm Reduction?" Harm Reduction Communication, Fall 1995, p. 4.

Heather, "User Vs. Addict/Abuser, " Harm Reduction Communication, Fall 1995, p. 6

George, John and Reda Sobky, "Making Drugs Illegal Solves Nothing," Oakland Tribune, 198 .

Stern, L. Synn, "Self Injection Education For Street Level Sex Workers," The Reduction of Drug Related Harm, London: Routledge Press (Chapter 12), 1992.

C. Multiple Issues

Fullilove, Mindy Thompson, MD, E. Anne Lown, MPH, and Robert E. Fullilove EdD, "Crack 'Hos and Skeezers: Traumatic Experiences of Women Crack Users," The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 29/No. 2, May 1992, pp. 275-287.

Lorvich, Jennifer, John K. Waters, YuTeh Cheng, Starley Shade, "Sex Trade Activity Among Female Injection Drug Users in San Francisco," Presented at the VII International Conference in AIDS, Florence Italy.

Brown, BethAnn, MA, "Women Impacted by Violence and Substance Abuse: A San Francisco Needs Assessment," Sponsored by The San Francisco Commission on the Status of Women," 1993.

Weiss, Carol J., "Women and Chemical Dependency Stigma, Shame and Guilt," Drug Policy Letter IIII, Drug Policy Foundation, Fall 1991.

Hotaling, N.J. and Farley, M.,"Research Study of Prostitutes," San Francisco Examiner, April 16, 1995.

Bonilla, Louis, "Women in Need of Services: Street Prostitutes in Northern Philadelphia," May 18, 1992.

Chavkin, Wendy and Denise Paone, "Drug Treatment For Women with Sexual Abuse Histories," Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, 1992.

Chavkin, Wendy and Denise Paone,"Decreasing HIV Disease Among Women Drug Users, " Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, 1992.

Murray, Alison & Robinson, Tess, "Minding Your Peers and Queers,"National AIDS Bulletin , May 1994:9-11, Presented at conference 'HIV, AIDS and Society' at Macquarie University, Australia, 1994.

2. AIDSLINE, Collected Reports on Sex Workers, HIV Research and Discrimination, January 1995.

3. Prince, Diana, "A Psychological Profile of Prostitutes in California and Nevada," San Diego: United States International University, PhD. dissertation, March 1986.

4. "Federal Budget Impact on San Francisco," Presentation to the SF Board of Supervisors Budget Comittee, Controller's Office, September 20, 1995.

San Francisco Programs and Resources

5. "Agencies Targeting Outreach and Services To Sex Workers" Community Outreach Project, 1995.

6. "Resources For Substance Abusers (Adults and Youth)" Perinatal Services-Department of Public Health, 1993.

III. Testimony

1. Transcript from Hearing, City Hall, November 29, 1994

2. Written Testimony, submitted November 28, 1994

3. Written Testimony, submitted December 1995

4. Position Paper regarding the issues relating to young people working in the sex trades- Nelly Velasco

5. Financial Impact of Prostitution in San Francisco- Vic St. Blaise

6. Issues For Male Sex Workers- Vic St. Blaise

7. The Crookedest Game of All: Stud Poke Her- Margo St. James

8. Between The Rapists and The Police- Carol Leigh

IV. History

1. Mullen, Kevin, "When Prostitution was Semi- Legal in Frisco," San Francisco Examiner, December 29, 1993.

2. Schimmel, Jerry F., "The Parisian Mansion and Frisco's forgotten resorts of ill-repute," San Francisco Examiner, December 26, 1994.

3. Kerr, Courtney, "A Geographic History of Prostitution in San Francisco," Urban Action 94 (San Francisco State University Journal of Urban Affairs) 1994.

4. Leigh, Carol, "Prostituion and The Law: International Policies and Practices," Report submitted to San Francisco Prostitution Task Force, May 1995.

5. Leigh, Carol, "A Brief History of Government Policy Towards Prostitution in San Francisco", Report submitted to San Francisco Prostitution Task Force, May 1995.

6. Bibliography of excerpts from historic texts, newspapers, etc., regarding the history of Prostitution in San Francisco, available in Task Force Resource Library.

V. Index

1. Resource materials compiled by Prostitution Task Force, held at San Francisco Public Library, Government Documents Department.

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